Help pregnant ?! If the period is late, is not necessarily woman pregnant. What causes it can not have if the rule suddenly does not come, how you can support a regular cycle and when you should definitely go to the doctor - that we have summarized for you.
The basis - the female cycle
On "normal" Cycle takes between 25 to 35 days, with "normal" is considered to be relative. Shorter or longer cycles do not have to be "sick" here every woman is individual. are controlled ovulation and period by a finely tuned interplay of various hormones. Let the days coming, this balance is often disturbed.
The cycle in brief
Day 1 of the period is always also the start of a new cycle. The bleeding lasts 3-7 days, during which the top layer of the endometrium is shed.
FSH & estrogen
The pituitary gland produces the hormone FSH (follicle stimulating hormone), it stimulates the follicles (follicles). They grow and produce estrogen. At the beginning of the cycle the estrogen level is relatively low, the closer the ovulation approaches, the more estrogen circulating in the body.
Estrogen also causes the uterine lining thickens and has better circulation so that a fertilized egg in the worst case finds optimal conditions for implantation.
The rising estrogen levels results in Hinanhangdrüse to secretion of the hormone LH (luteinizing hormone). This hormone causes the mature follicle to release the egg, ovulation takes place.
Waiting for fertilization
The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus, about 24 hours it is viable and can be fertilized.
The follicle begins immediately after ovulation with the production of Progestoron. This hormone supports the further development of the uterine lining.
Hormone level drops
If the egg is not fertilized, shrinks follicles and forms no hormones. The result: estrogen and progesterone levels drop, which thereby begins supported Gebörtmutterschleimhaut to peel off. The period begins.
Amenorrhea - or, if the period is late
Of course, one is worried if comes at a time no more period. Am I pregnant? Or I have a dangerous disease? First of all, remember: do not panic. For the psyche often sparks between when it comes to a smoothly functioning hormonal balance. Stress puts to us - so it's not surprising that the rule can come from the clock. Wait a longer time in vain for the day, you should definitely talk to your gynecologist about it to find out the causes.
As a very first step to become pregnant should of course be ruled out! Urine tests are available in any pharmacy or drug store, what types there are and how secure so-called early pregnancy tests, can be found here: ➤ pregnancy tests.
Other reasons for the absence of the rule
➤ No menstrual breast-feeding?
You breastfeed? Then it may be that leave a little wait for your day. For the lactating hormone prolactin inhibits oocyte maturation and ovulation. The more you breastfeed, the more prolactin is formed. And the longer it takes until the rule is.
After the birth is before the period: five questions and answers about menstruation after pregnancy.
➤ Mental stress
Stress, time differences when traveling, strong work and family stress, worry and grief: all this has an impact on the delicate hormonal balance. There may be menstrual irregularities, to the absence of periods.
➤ Great physical strain
For competitive athletes often the period remains off - the reason is the extreme physical demands that stress the organism. With the result that the cycle exposes quasi.
➤ underweight and overweight
The hormones that control the cycle, are very sensitive to fluctuations in weight. Especially with a strong weight loss may lead to a missed period. Again, the body draws "the ripcord" - strong underweight is not a good basis for a healthy pregnancy.
➤ stopping the pill
The hormones of the pill simulate a pregnancy the body - ovulation is suppressed. After weaning, it may take some time before the normal hormonal balance has stabilized again. Here it is: be patient.
➤ Different hormonal imbalances
One of the most common causes of amenorrhea are hormonal disorders. For example, can lead to missed periods, a lack of female or an excess of male hormones. Why the hormonal balance of kilter, but there are many possible reasons - these range from autoimmune diseases to changes in the ovaries and tumors.
Other hormones that have nothing to do at first sight with the cycle, may be responsible for the day not come. Especially the thyroid hormones play an important role in the overall hormonal interaction. Is a hypothyroidism or -überfunktion ago, has often also affect the cycle.
➤ polycystic ovary syndrome
Also to hormonal imbalances is one of the so-called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, shortly PCO. Thereby forming in the ovaries many cysts, ovulation find irregularly or not at and the number of male sex hormones is increased. One symptom of the PCO may be menstrual irregularities - including the amenorrhea.
➤ (premature) menopause
With the onset of menopause, the ovaries stop the production of hormones slowly, the cycles are irregular and finally the period even non-existent. There are also symptoms such as hot flashes and insomnia. When the time comes? This is different for every woman, normal is the period to 50 years of age (menopause). Put menopause one before age 35, so to speak physicians of premature menopause.
These are just some of the possible reasons for menstrual disorders, in many cases puts nothing to be concerned about after the failure of the day. Nevertheless, you should talk to your gynecologist. And if ...
● ... does not come your period, but you can not rule out a pregnancy safely.
● ... fails your rule for more than 3 months (if pregnancy is excluded)
● ... you suspect that the cessation of menstruation at a drug treatment, surgery or similar lies.
● ... you have additional symptoms such as pain (abdominal pain, chest pain, pain during sex), or general changes remarkably as one more body hair, hair loss, skin or weight changes.
... make ● very worried.
What research through the gynecologist?
Because several causes may be responsible for ensuring that the period is late, the treatment must be tailored to the individual patient. The doctor will ask you about your medical history and can thus determine whether special circumstances, stress or previous surgery play a role.
In addition to the medical history, the doctor will also physically examine, including the sampling of the vagina, uterus and ovaries, as well as an ultrasound.
The doctor will take your blood also to determine hormone levels and determine any such interference. Also, a pregnancy test is a standard examination.
Tips for a regular cycle
Although it is sometimes difficult: they try to reduce stress. Whether Yoga read or autogenous training - turning off doing your psyche well, and thus the cycle.
Healthy eating & Move
Healthy diet and exercise are important not only for figure and general health, but also the basis for a balanced hormonal balance.
Herbal medicines like ➤ chaste tree can have a positive effect on the cycle. However, before you take pharmacy-only medicines, talk to your gynecologist about it.
Run a cycle calendar are entered in the beginning, duration and intensity of the period. Measure your morning temperature before getting up. So you can determine whether an ovulation occurs. Like the symptothermal method works well, click here.